Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

free and open access to biodiversity data

University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo vegetation research, Ecuador.

Versão mais recente publicado por University of Amsterdam / IBED em Jun 18, 2019 University of Amsterdam / IBED

The Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on Paramos ecosystems since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. The dataset from the Ecuador paramo's is generated from two studies 1. A study on Andean Paramo's ecology by H. Sturm and O. Rangel done in 1985. 2. A phytosociological study of the paramo in the Carchi province by M. Moscol-Olivera and A. M. Cleef in 2009. Both studies All studies provide information on the occurrence and location of 1867 plant species from the Paramo in this area sampled in 101 releves. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Registros de Dados

Os dados deste recurso de ocorrência foram publicados como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), que é o formato padronizado para compartilhamento de dados de biodiversidade como um conjunto de uma ou mais tabelas de dados. A tabela de dados do núcleo contém 1,808 registros. Também existem 1 tabelas de dados de extensão. Um registro de extensão fornece informações adicionais sobre um registro do núcleo. O número de registros em cada tabela de dados de extensão é ilustrado abaixo.

  • Occurrence (core)
    1808
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    1808

Este IPT armazena os dados e, portanto, serve como um repositório de dados. Os dados e os metadados do recurso estão disponíveis para download no seção de downloads. A tabela de versões lista outras versões do recurso que foram disponibilizadas ao público e permite o rastreamento das alterações realizadas no recurso ao longo do tempo.

Downloads

Baixe a última versão do recurso de dados, como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) ou recurso de metadados, como EML ou RTF:

Dados como um arquivo DwC-A download 1,808 registros em English (48 KB) - Frequência de atualização: não plenejado
Metadados como um arquivo EML download em English (12 KB)
Metadados como um arquivo RTF download em English (12 KB)

Versões

A tabela abaixo mostra apenas versões de recursos que são publicamente acessíveis.

Como citar

Pesquisadores deveriam citar esta obra da seguinte maneira:

Sturm H., O. Rangel. 1985. Ecologia de los Paramos Andinos: una visión preliminar integrada. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota. 292p.

Direitos

Pesquisadores devem respeitar a seguinte declaração de direitos:

O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é University of Amsterdam / IBED. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 0d32a7f0-039c-4c8f-bea9-d7e55fd8e02b.  University of Amsterdam / IBED publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.

Palavras-chave

Paramo South America Ecuador Páramo vegetation Altitude Altitudinal zonation Réleve method Braun-Blanquet method Conservation Diversity; Occurrence; Observation

Contatos

Quem criou esse recurso:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

Quem pode responder a perguntas sobre o recurso:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

Quem preencher os metadados:

Paola Reyes
Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

Quem mais foi associado com o recurso:

Processador
Niels Raes
Node Manager
NLBIF PO Box 9517 NL-2300 RA Leiden NL +31.71.7519600
http://www.nlbif.nl

Cobertura Geográfica

The study was done in the paramo of El Carchi province located in the high Andes of Northern Ecuador. The area is part of the so called "global epicecenter of biodiversity". The study also included the region of the volcanoes Chiles-Cumbal, this area is shared between Colombia and Ecuador and it is known as the "Northern volcanic Zone" The altitudinal range cover in the studies varies from 3430 m.a.sl. up to 4000m.a.sl.

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [-4.6, -81.21], Norte Leste [1.45, -76.9]

Cobertura Taxonômica

All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.

Reino  Plantae (Phanerogams),  Plantae (Bryophytes),  Fungi (Lichens)

Cobertura Temporal

Data Inicial / Data final 1981-01-01 / 2004-01-01

Dados Sobre o Projeto

Nenhuma descrição disponível

Título Data provided by two projects: 1. Andean Paramos Ecology by Sturm H., and O. Rangel 1985. 2. Phytosociological study of the paramo in the Carchi province by Moscol-Olivera M. and A. M. Cleef in 2009.
Financiamento Sturm H., and O. Rangel 1985, funded by: Universidad Nacional de Colombia Insituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN) from Universidad Nacional de Colombia Empresa de Acueducto y Alcantarillado de Bogota The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) Fondo Colombiano de Insvestigaciones Cientificas (COLCIENCIAS) Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) Moscol-Olivera M. and A. M. Cleef, 2009, funded by: Grant WAN 84-572 from The Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research -WOTRO/NWO, The Hague.

O pessoal envolvido no projeto:

Provedor de Conteúdo
Antoine Cleef

Métodos de Amostragem

In the study done at the Cumbal-Chiles region, the vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. Different releves were done at different altitudes in the Paramo. In El Carchi province following the criteria of Walter (1954) the vegetation sampling was done considered the subdivision made by soil-water regime into zonal and azonal paramo vegetation. Different plots of 5mx5m were established and the cover of all plants in 25m2 were recorded following the methodology of Mueller-Dombois and Ellenberg (1974). In both studies, the community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Área de Estudo The study was done in the paramo of El Carchi province located in the high Andes of Northern Ecuador. The area is part of the so called "global epicecenter of biodiversity". In El Carchi province the following sites were studies: Guandera Biological Reserve, located in the eastern cordillera 11 km east of San Gabriel El Angel Ecological Reserve, it is separated from Guandera by a agricultural central valley and it is located on the southern slopes of the volcanic El Voladero basin. Los Encinos Scientific Station, it is located adjacent to the El Angel Ecological Reserve. The study also included the region of the volcanoes Chiles-Cumbal, this area is shared between Colombia and Ecuador and it is known as the "Northern volcanic Zone". The altitudinal range cover in the studies varies from 3430 m.a.sl. up to 4000m.a.sl. The data was collected in the Cumbal area in July 1956 and October 1978 and in El Carchi province between April-December 2004 and January-March 2006.
Controle de Qualidade The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data (Cumbal-Chiles) and the validation of the taxonomy of each species.

Descrição dos passos do método:

  1. Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted).

Citações bibliográficas

  1. Moscol-Olivera., M. and A.M. Cleef. 2009. A phytosociological study of the paramo along two altuitudinal transects in El Carchi province, northern Ecuador. Phytocoenologia, 39(1), 79-107. DOI:10.1127/0340-269X/2009/0039-0079

Metadados Adicionais

Propósito Purpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
Identificadores alternativos 0d32a7f0-039c-4c8f-bea9-d7e55fd8e02b
http://ipt.ibed.uva.nl/resource?r=paramo-veg-ecuador