Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

free and open access to biodiversity data

University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo vegetation research, Ecuador.

Última versión Publicado por University of Amsterdam / IBED en Aug 14, 2017 University of Amsterdam / IBED

The Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on Paramos ecosystems since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. The dataset from the Ecuador paramo's is generated from two studies 1. A study on Andean Paramo's ecology by H. Sturm and O. Rangel done in 1985. 2. A phytosociological study of the paramo in the Carchi province by M. Moscol-Olivera and A. M. Cleef in 2009. Both studies All studies provide information on the occurrence and location of 1867 plant species from the Paramo in this area sampled in 101 releves. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Registros

Los datos en este registros biológicos recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 1,808 registros. también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

  • Occurrence (core)
    1808
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    1808

Este IPT archiva los datos, sirviendo así como repositorio de datos. Los datos y metadatos están disponibles para descargar en la sección de descargas. La tabla de versiones muestra otras versiones del recurso que se han hecho accesibles al público y permite el seguimiento de los cambios hechos al recurso en el tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 1,808 registros en Inglés (48 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: no planeado
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (12 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (12 KB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Sturm H., O. Rangel. 1985. Ecologia de los Paramos Andinos: una visión preliminar integrada. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota. 292p.

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es University of Amsterdam / IBED. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 0d32a7f0-039c-4c8f-bea9-d7e55fd8e02b.  University of Amsterdam / IBED publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.

Palabras Clave

Paramo South America Ecuador Páramo vegetation Altitude Altitudinal zonation Réleve method Braun-Blanquet method Conservation Diversity; Occurrence; Observation

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Paola Reyes
Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Publicador
Henk de Vries
Node Manager
NLBIF P.O. Box 9517 NL-2300 AA Leiden Zuid-Holland NL +31.71.7519362
http://www.nlbif.nl

Cobertura Geográfica

The study was done in the paramo of El Carchi province located in the high Andes of Northern Ecuador. The area is part of the so called "global epicecenter of biodiversity". The study also included the region of the volcanoes Chiles-Cumbal, this area is shared between Colombia and Ecuador and it is known as the "Northern volcanic Zone" The altitudinal range cover in the studies varies from 3430 m.a.sl. up to 4000m.a.sl.

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [-4.6, -81.21], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [1.45, -76.9]

Cobertura Taxonómica

All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.

Reino  Plantae (Phanerogams),  Plantae (Bryophytes),  Fungi (Lichens)

Cobertura Temporal

Fecha Inicial / Fecha Final 1981-01-01 / 2004-01-01

Datos del Proyecto

No hay descripción disponible

Título Data provided by two projects: 1. Andean Paramos Ecology by Sturm H., and O. Rangel 1985. 2. Phytosociological study of the paramo in the Carchi province by Moscol-Olivera M. and A. M. Cleef in 2009.
Fuentes de Financiación Sturm H., and O. Rangel 1985, funded by: Universidad Nacional de Colombia Insituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN) from Universidad Nacional de Colombia Empresa de Acueducto y Alcantarillado de Bogota The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) Fondo Colombiano de Insvestigaciones Cientificas (COLCIENCIAS) Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) Moscol-Olivera M. and A. M. Cleef, 2009, funded by: Grant WAN 84-572 from The Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research -WOTRO/NWO, The Hague.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Proveedor de Contenido
Antoine Cleef

Métodos de Muestreo

In the study done at the Cumbal-Chiles region, the vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. Different releves were done at different altitudes in the Paramo. In El Carchi province following the criteria of Walter (1954) the vegetation sampling was done considered the subdivision made by soil-water regime into zonal and azonal paramo vegetation. Different plots of 5mx5m were established and the cover of all plants in 25m2 were recorded following the methodology of Mueller-Dombois and Ellenberg (1974). In both studies, the community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Área de Estudio The study was done in the paramo of El Carchi province located in the high Andes of Northern Ecuador. The area is part of the so called "global epicecenter of biodiversity". In El Carchi province the following sites were studies: Guandera Biological Reserve, located in the eastern cordillera 11 km east of San Gabriel El Angel Ecological Reserve, it is separated from Guandera by a agricultural central valley and it is located on the southern slopes of the volcanic El Voladero basin. Los Encinos Scientific Station, it is located adjacent to the El Angel Ecological Reserve. The study also included the region of the volcanoes Chiles-Cumbal, this area is shared between Colombia and Ecuador and it is known as the "Northern volcanic Zone". The altitudinal range cover in the studies varies from 3430 m.a.sl. up to 4000m.a.sl. The data was collected in the Cumbal area in July 1956 and October 1978 and in El Carchi province between April-December 2004 and January-March 2006.
Control de Calidad The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data (Cumbal-Chiles) and the validation of the taxonomy of each species.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted).

Referencias Bibliográficas

  1. Moscol-Olivera., M. and A.M. Cleef. 2009. A phytosociological study of the paramo along two altuitudinal transects in El Carchi province, northern Ecuador. Phytocoenologia, 39(1), 79-107. DOI:10.1127/0340-269X/2009/0039-0079

Metadatos Adicionales

Propósito Purpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
Identificadores Alternativos 0d32a7f0-039c-4c8f-bea9-d7e55fd8e02b
http://ipt.ibed.uva.nl/resource?r=paramo-veg-ecuador