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University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo Vegetation Research, Chingaza - Cruz Verde - Monserrate -Guasca, Colombia

Última versión Publicado por University of Amsterdam / IBED en Jun 18, 2019 University of Amsterdam / IBED

The Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. Chingaza, Cruz Verde, Monserrate and Guasca dataset is generated from six sources. 1. A study about the vegetation of the Natural National Park Chingaza by Rangel-Ch y Ariza published in 2000. 2. A vegetation mapping study done also in the Natural National Park Chingaza by Dierrikx and Kaandorp done in 1986. 3. A study on Andean Paramo's ecology by H. Sturm and O. Rangel done in 1985. 4. A study on the phytosociological analysis of paramo vegetation by R. Sanchez and O. Rangel in 1990. 5. A study of limit vegetation ecology done by M.L. Becking and J.J. Smeets in 1989 part of the ECOANDES project. 6. A study on the description of paramo vegetation communities by O. Vargas and D. Rivera in 1991. All studies provide information on the occurrence and location of 13949 plant species from the Paramo in this area collected in 631 releves. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Registros

Los datos en este registros biológicos recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 13,949 registros. también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

  • Occurrence (core)
    13949
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    13949

Este IPT archiva los datos, sirviendo así como repositorio de datos. Los datos y metadatos están disponibles para descargar en la sección de descargas. La tabla de versiones muestra otras versiones del recurso que se han hecho accesibles al público y permite el seguimiento de los cambios hechos al recurso en el tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 13,949 registros en Inglés (349 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: no planeado
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (18 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (18 KB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Rangel-Ch., O and Ariza N. C. 2000. La vegetacion del Parque Nacional Natural Chingaza in Colombia Diversidad Biotica III, la región de Vida paramuna de Colombia. Rangel-Ch. J.O. 2000. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Editorial Unibiblios. Bogotá, Colombia.

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es University of Amsterdam / IBED. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 5e50896f-8bbd-43e7-9ba5-ef7ed7b3e865.  University of Amsterdam / IBED publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.

Palabras Clave

Colombia Andean Paramos Páramo vegetation National Natural Park Chingaza Cruz verde paramo Monserrate paramo Guasca paramo Altitude Réleve method Braun-Blanquet method Conservation; Occurrence; Observation

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

S. Paola Reyes
Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Procesador
Niels Raes
Manager
NLBIF PO Box 9517 NL-2300 RA Leiden NL +31.71.7519600
http://www.nlbif.nl

Cobertura Geográfica

The paramo complex Chingaza - Cruz Verde - Monserrate - Guasca is located in the center of Colombia on the eastern cordillera, close to Bogota. It includes the provinces of Cundinamarca, Meta and a small part of Boyacá. The PNN Chingaza located in the provinces of Cundinamarca and Meta, and the paramos located in the park belongs to 19 municipalities but the biggest area is concentrated in the municipalities of Fómeque, Guasca, Junín, San Juanito, La Calera, Guatavita and El Calvario. The park has an extension of about 64,500ha and the altitudinal range varies from 3,150m.a.s.l. up to 3,980m.a.s.l. The paramos of Cruz Verde is located east of Bogotá with an altitudinal range between 3300 and 3700m.a.s.l. It belongs to the municipalities of Distrito Capital (Bogota), Chipaque, Ubaque, Choachí and La Calera, all located in the province of Cundinarmarca. The Monserrate paramo is located in the center of Bogota and rises up to 3152 m.a.s.l. The paramo of Guasca is located in Cundinamarca and the altitude varies from 2600m.a.s.l up to 3300m.a.s.l.

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [4.22, -74.12], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [4.89, -73.22]

Cobertura Taxonómica

All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.

Reino  Plantae (Phanerogams),  Plantae (Bryophytes),  Fungi (Lichens)

Cobertura Temporal

Fecha Inicial / Fecha Final 1976-01-01 / 1989-01-01

Datos del Proyecto

No hay descripción disponible

Título Data provided by six projects. 1. La vegetacion del Parque Nacional Natural Chingaza by O. Rangel and C. Ariza in 2000. 2. Vegetation mapping in the Paramo Chingaza by L. Dierikx and M. Kaandorp, 1986 (second phase of ECOANDES project). 3. Andean Paramos Ecology by Sturm H., and O. Rangel 1985. 4. Estudio de la Bioflora de los Páramos de los alrededores de Bogota (R. Sanchez and O. Rangel, 1990). 4. Limit vegetation ecology by M.L. Becking and J.J. Smeets, 1989 part of the ECOANDES project. 6. Comunidades vegetales del Parque Nacional Natural Chingaza by O. Vargas and D. Rivera, 1991.
Fuentes de Financiación Rangel, O. and Ariza C., 2000. Literature study funded by Instituto Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN)-Universidad Nacional De Colombia. Dierikx L. and M. Kaandorp, 1986 funded by University of Amsterdam (Werkgroep Studiereizen Ontwikkelingslanden (WSO), The Hague and the Vakgroep Bijzondere Plankunde. Sturm H., and O. Rangel 1985, funded by: Universidad Nacional de Colombia Insituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN) from Universidad Nacional de Colombia Empresa de Acueducto y Alcantarillado de Bogota The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) Fondo Colombiano de Insvestigaciones Cientificas (COLCIENCIAS) Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) Sanchez R. and O. Rangel, 1990 funded by: Estudio de la Bioflora de los Páramos de los alrededores de Bogota project. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN), Universidad Nacional de Colombia. M.L. Becking and J.J. Smeets, 1989 (part of ECOANDES project see at the end funding information) Vargas, O and D. Rivera, 1991. Funded by Instituto Colombiano de la Ciencia y Tecnologia (COLCIENCIAS) - project No. 1203-05-013-87). ECOANDES project funded by: Insituto geografico "Agustin Codazzi" (Colombia), Insituto de Ciencias Naturales-ICN from Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) and Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research-WOTRO (Grant No. W84-188).
Descripción del Área de Estudio The area includes the National Natural Park Chingaza and the paramos of Cruz Verde, Monserrate and Guasca. In Chingaza the altitudinal range of the data varies from 2290m.a.s.l up to 3800m.a.s.l. In Cruz Verde from 3300m.a.s.l. up to 3450m.a.s.l., in Monserrate from 3000m.a.s.l. up to 3250m.a.s.l. and in Guasca only at 3300m.a.s.l. With the variation in altitude among others, diverse biomass were taken into account like wetlands (bogs), zonal paramo species and Andean forest species. There is a big difference between the vegetation in the paramos located northwest from Bogota from those located to the eastern. In the PNN Chingaza the vegetation of the areas studied represent species of quite high environmental humidity and therefore is Chingaza one of the main water provider fro the inhabitants of Bogota. At the time of the studies the agricultural border in the paramos was increasingly moving up to elevated grounds, then studies about the ecosystems of this areas were required by managers and policy makers.
Descripción del Diseño The method used for paramo vegetation sampling was based on the Braun-Blanquet or Zürich-Montpellier schools which take the relevé as the main sampling unit. The releves were made of zonal and azonal paramo vegetation. The Braun-Blanquet method is based on dominant species that are grouped in associations and then at a higher level in alliances. This is the standard methodology used in Europe, South Africa, United States, Japan and in the world in general. One of the final goals of the methodology mainly in Europe is to get to nature conservation, which is also the goal in the Colombian paramos.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Punto de Contacto
Antoine Cleef

Métodos de Muestreo

The vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. Different releves were done at different altitudes in the Paramo. The community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Área de Estudio The paramo complex Chingaza - Cruz Verde - Monserrate - Guasca is located in the center of Colombia on the eastern cordillera, close to Bogota. It includes the provinces of Cundinamarca, Meta and a small part of Boyacá. The study in the PNN Chingaza, include the surrounding areas of the Chingaza lagoon, Chuza reservoir, headwater of Chuza river, Palacio Paramo, La Playa and Guatiquia rivers. In Cruz Verde paramo the localities include peat bogs located close to the road between Bogota-Choachi and to the Verjon lagoon. And in Guasca close to edge of the Peña Negra mountain close to the road between Guasca-Macheta. The altitudinal range of the dataset varies from 2290m.a.s.l. up to 3800m.a.s.l. The data was collected in different projects and dates between 1976 and 1989.
Control de Calidad The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. Also the gaps in terms of the precision of the georeference data were filled.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). Many of the data was lacking a georeference, precision of the georeference data and specific habitat indication. In 2012 to improve the dataset quality, it was completed as detail and precise as possible using several online resources, consultation with experts and revision of the original data. The georeference data was completed mainly with the use of Google Maps, in collaboration with A. Cleef and checking the original field notes and the publications.

Referencias Bibliográficas

  1. Dierikx, L. and M. Kaandorp. 1986. Vegetation mapping in the Paramo of Chingaza (Cundinamarca, Colombia). Internal report of the Hugo de Vries Laboratory, No. 205. University of Amsterdam. The Netherlands. n/a
  2. Sturm H., O. Rangel. 1985. Ecologia de los Paramos Andinos: una visión preliminar integrada. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota. 292p. n/a
  3. Sanchez-M., R. and O. Rangel-Ch. 1990. Estudios ecologicos en la cordillera oriental colombiana V. Analisis fitosociológico de la vegetación de los depositos turbosos paramunos de los alrededores de Bogotá. Caldasia 16 (77): 155-192. n/a
  4. Becking, M.L. and J.J.H.R. Smeets. 1988. A compartive study of forest limit vegetation ecology in a relatively dry climate (NEUSA) and in a relatively wet climate (CHINGAZA) in the Cordillera Oriental, Colombia. ECOANDES report n/a
  5. Vargas, O. and D. Rivera. 1991. Comunidades vegetales del Parque Nacional Natural Chingaza: Sector I rio La Playa - rio Guatiquía, (resultados preliminares). Cuadernos Divulgativos No. 23. Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Javeriana. Bogota, Colombia. 74p. ISSN 0121-3253

Metadatos Adicionales

Propósito Purpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
Identificadores Alternativos 5e50896f-8bbd-43e7-9ba5-ef7ed7b3e865
http://ipt.ibed.uva.nl/resource?r=paramo-veg-csb