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University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo vegetation research, Western Andean Cordillera

Última versión Publicado por University of Amsterdam / IBED en Jun 18, 2019 University of Amsterdam / IBED

The Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. The Western Cordillera dataset is generated from 5 sources: 1. A study about the paramo vegetation in the Nariño volcanoes, Orlando Rangel-Ch and Clara Ariza published in 2000. 2. A study by Helmut Sturm and Orlando Rangel in 1985 about the ecology of andean paramos, in the volcanoes of Cumbal and Chiles. 3 and 4. The field data from professor Antoine Cleef (1984) with Sonia Salamanca under the ECOANDES project (Tatama transect), collected in the upper part of Tatama massif. Also data collected (in 1983) under the same project by T. van der Hammen, O. Rangel and A. Cleef and published in a study of the paramo vegetation of the Tatama massif in 2005. 5. A study about sinecology, diversity and conservation of Andean vegetation in Argelia, Cauca published in 1995 by M.L. Becking. All studies provide information on the occurrence and location of 2983 plant species from the Paramo in this area collected in 139 releves. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Registros

Los datos en este registros biológicos recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 2,983 registros. también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

  • Occurrence (core)
    2983
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    2983

Este IPT archiva los datos, sirviendo así como repositorio de datos. Los datos y metadatos están disponibles para descargar en la sección de descargas. La tabla de versiones muestra otras versiones del recurso que se han hecho accesibles al público y permite el seguimiento de los cambios hechos al recurso en el tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 2,983 registros en Inglés (85 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: no planeado
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (16 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (17 KB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Rangel-Ch., O and Ariza N. C. 2000. La vegetacion paramuna de los volcanes de Nariño. In: Colombia Diversidad Biotica III, la región de Vida paramuna de Colombia. Rangel-Ch. J.O. 2000. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Editorial Unibiblios. Bogotá, Colombia.

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es University of Amsterdam / IBED. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 39b07c5d-caa9-4118-b803-290d667cdd5e.  University of Amsterdam / IBED publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.

Palabras Clave

Colombia Andean Paramos Tatama Frontino Galeras; Chiles; Cumbal volcanos Páramo vegetation Altitude Réleve method Braun-Blanquet method Conservation Diversity; Occurrence; Observation

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Paola Reyes
Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Hollland NL

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Procesador
Niels Raes
Node Manager
NLBIF PO Box 9517 NL-2300 RA Leiden NL +31.71.7519600
http://www.nlbif.nl

Cobertura Geográfica

The western cordillera starts at Nudo de los Pastos (Nariño) and it goes along the Pacific coast and ends up splitting at three small mountains called from west to east Abibe, San Jerónimo, and Ayapel (Antioquia). It is the shortest cordillera and the second in extension with 1095 km, the surface covers 76000 km2. The highest point is found in the south of the mountain range at Cumbal Volcano that reaches 4764 meters above sea level. At west, it delimits with the Pacific plain and at east with the valley of Cauca River. The data was collected in the municipalities of Nariño, Cauca, Risaralda and Choco. the It includes the Tatama-Frontino complex as well as the volcanos of Chiles, Cumbal and Galeras. The altitudinal range of the data varies from 2860 m.a.s.l. up to 4100 m.a.s.l.

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [0.8, -78.12], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [7.42, -75.87]

Cobertura Taxonómica

All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.

Reino  Plantae (Phanerogams),  Plantae (Bryophytes),  Fungi (Lichens)

Cobertura Temporal

Fecha Inicial / Fecha Final 1977-01-01 / 1992-01-01

Datos del Proyecto

No hay descripción disponible

Título The data is originated from 4 sources, not from a single project. 1. Paramo vegetation in the Nariño volcanoes, Rangel-Ch O and C. Ariza, 2000. 2. Ecology of andean paramos (Cumbal and Chiles volcanoes) by Sturm H. and O. Rangel, 1985. 3 and 4. ECOANDES project vol.6 (Tatama transect), 2005. 5. Sinecology, diversity and conservation of Andean vegetation in Argelia, Cauca, 1995 by M.L. Becking.
Fuentes de Financiación Rangel, O. and Ariza C., 2000. Literature study funded by Instituto Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN)-Universidad Nacional De Colombia. Sturm H., and O. Rangel 1985, funded by: Universidad Nacional de Colombia Insituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN) from Universidad Nacional de Colombia Empresa de Acueducto y Alcantarillado de Bogota The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) Fondo Colombiano de Insvestigaciones Cientificas (COLCIENCIAS) Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) Dierikx L. and M. Kaandorp, 1986 funded by University of Amsterdam (Werkgroep Studiereizen Ontwikkelingslanden (WSO), The Hague and the Vakgroep Bijzondere Plankunde. ECOANDES project funded by: Insituto geografico "Agustin Codazzi" (Colombia), Insituto de Ciencias Naturales-ICN from Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) and Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research-WOTRO (Grant No. W84-188). M.L. Becking, 1995. Funded by: Treub Fonds, Paramillos phase I, The Netherlands. Hugo de Vries fonds, Paramillos phase II, The Netherlands Proyecto Biopacifico, Colombia Fondo FEN, Colombia
Descripción del Área de Estudio The area includes the paramo complex Chiles - Cumbal (Chiles, Cumbal, Azufral volcanoes), also the Galeras volcano in the Nariño province. And the Tatama - Frontino complex, also the Paramillos in Argelia, in the provinces of Cauca, Choco and Risaralda. The volcanoes of Cumbal (4760m), Chiles (4764m), Azufral (4070m)and Galeras (4276m) are located in the municipalities of Cumbal, Chiles, Tuquerres and Pasto, Sandona, Consaca and Yacuanquer,Florida, Ancuya, Tangua, El Encanto, Guaitaerilla, Tuquerres, Guachucal and Carlosama. For the Tatama area, it includes the paramo located on the upper part of the Tatama massif (4100m) which is placed in the central part of the western cordillera. The paramo is located along the border of the provinces of Risaralda and Choco. The vegetation study in the Cauca province, had a focus in the Cerro Plateado in de municipality of Argelia. Particularly in the high watershed of the Plateado river (which joints the San Juan de Micay rivers) The vegetation studied included species from middle paramo, subparamo and superparamo ecosystems. With releves of zonal, extrazonal and azonal paramo vegetation. At the time of studies most of the paramo vegetation in the area was not known.
Descripción del Diseño The method used for paramo vegetation sampling was based on the Braun-Blanquet or Zürich-Montpellier schools which take the relevé as the main sampling unit. The releves were made of zonal and azonal paramo vegetation. The Braun-Blanquet method is based on dominant species that are grouped in associations and then at a higher level in alliances. This is the standard methodology used in Europe, SouthAfrica, United States, Japan and in the world in general. One of the final goals of the methodology mainly in Europe is to get to nature conservation, which is also the goal in the Colombian paramos.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Punto de Contacto
Antoine Cleef

Métodos de Muestreo

The vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. Different releves were done at different altitudes in the Paramo. The community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Área de Estudio The study was done in the paramo of the volcanoes of Cumbal, Chiles, Azufral and Galeras. For the Tatama area, it includes the paramo located on the upper part of the Tatama massif (4100m) which is placed in the central part of the western cordillera. It includes the Tatama Cerro, El Encanato, Las Brisas, Las Mirlas, Don Pepe, Valle de los Lagos, Pantano rojo and San Francisco. The area is part of the National Natural Park Tatamá. The vegetation study in the Cauca province, had a focus in the Cerro Plateado in the municipality of Argelia. Particularly in the high watershed of the San Juan de Micay river which is Plateado river. The sampling campaigns for studies were done between 1977 and 1992.
Control de Calidad The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data (including precision) and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. The georeference information still needs to be completed.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). A big part of the records are still lacking a georeference with its precision estimation. Also the specific habitat indication needs to be done.

Referencias Bibliográficas

  1. Sturm H., O. Rangel. 1985. Ecologia de los Paramos Andinos: una visión preliminar integrada. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota. 292p. n/a
  2. Becking, M.L. 1995. Sinecologia, diversidad y conservacion de la vegetacion altoandina en el sur de la Cordillera Occidental, Argelia, Cauca. Informe Final. Fondo FEN-Colombia - Proyecto Biopacifico. Popayan, Colombia. 57p. n/a
  3. Cleef, A., Rangel, O. Salamanca, S., Ariza, C and G. van Reenen. 2005. La vegetacion del paramo del Macizo de Tatamá, Cordillera Occidental, Colombia. In: La Cordillera Occidental Colombiana, transecto Tatama. Studies on Tropical Andean Ecosystems, Vol. 6. van der Hammen, Rangel O and A. Cleef (eds). J. Cramer. Berlin. 972p. ISBN 3-443-50028-5

Metadatos Adicionales

Propósito Purpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
Identificadores Alternativos 39b07c5d-caa9-4118-b803-290d667cdd5e
http://ipt.ibed.uva.nl/resource?r=paramo-veg-wac