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University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo Vegetation Research, Rabanal, Guerrero and Villa de Leyva paramo complex, Colombia

Versão mais recente publicado por University of Amsterdam / IBED em Aug 14, 2017 University of Amsterdam / IBED

The Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. The Rabanal, Guerrero and Villa de Leyva paramo complex data set is generated from six sources. 1. Field data from professor Antoine Cleef (derived from his PhD thesis on paramo vegetation in the eastern cordillera (1981), the ECOANDES project and independent field trips), the data wascollected in four field campaigns in 1977, 1983, 1984 and 1989. 2.A study on Andean Paramo's ecology by H. Sturm and O. Rangel done in 1985. 3.A study on the phytosociological analysis of paramo vegetation by R. Sanchez and O. Rangel in 1990. 4. A study about the influence of potato cultivation in the paramo vegetatation by W. Ferwerda in 1987. 5. A study of limit vegetation ecology done by M.L. Becking and J.j. Smeets in 1989 part of the ECOANDES project. 6. A study on the description of paramo vegetation by R. Bekker and A. Cleef in 1985. All studies provide information on the occurrence and location of 7868 plant species from the Paramo in this area. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Registros de Dados

Os dados deste recurso de ocorrência foram publicados como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), que é o formato padronizado para compartilhamento de dados de biodiversidade como um conjunto de uma ou mais tabelas de dados. A tabela de dados do núcleo contém 7,868 registros. Também existem 1 tabelas de dados de extensão. Um registro de extensão fornece informações adicionais sobre um registro do núcleo. O número de registros em cada tabela de dados de extensão é ilustrado abaixo.

  • Occurrence (core)
    7868
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    7868

Este IPT armazena os dados e, portanto, serve como um repositório de dados. Os dados e os metadados do recurso estão disponíveis para download no seção de downloads. A tabela de versões lista outras versões do recurso que foram disponibilizadas ao público e permite o rastreamento das alterações realizadas no recurso ao longo do tempo.

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Metadados como um arquivo EML download em English (17 KB)
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Versões

A tabela abaixo mostra apenas versões de recursos que são publicamente acessíveis.

Como citar

Pesquisadores deveriam citar esta obra da seguinte maneira:

Cleef A. 1977, 1983, 1984, 1989. Field Data. Cleef. A.M. 1981. The vegetation of the paramos of the Colombian Cordillera Oriental. PhD Thesis. State University of Utrecht. 320pp. Also published as Dissertationes Botanicae, Baud 61, J. Cramer, Vadyz and "The Cuaternary of Colombia", Vol.9.

Direitos

Pesquisadores devem respeitar a seguinte declaração de direitos:

O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é University of Amsterdam / IBED. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 6fe8dde0-7ef1-41c0-ba0f-ecf41ac2d342.  University of Amsterdam / IBED publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.

Palavras-chave

Colombia Andean Paramos Páramo vegetation Rabanal paramo Guerrero paramo complex Altitude Réleve method Braun-Blanquet method Conservation; Occurrence; Observation

Contatos

Quem criou esse recurso:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

Quem pode responder a perguntas sobre o recurso:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

Quem preencher os metadados:

S. Paola Reyes
Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

Quem mais foi associado com o recurso:

Publicador
Henk de Vries
Node Manager
NLBIF P.O. Box 9517 NL-2300 AA Leiden Zuid-Holland NL +31.71.7519362
http://www.nlbif.nl

Cobertura Geográfica

The area includes the complex of Rabanal and Guerrero, it is located in the eastern cordillera in the provinces of Boyaca and Cundinamarca in Colombia. The Rabanal paramo is located in the biggest plateau of the country, called "Altiplano Cundiboyacense" in the municipalities of Lenguazaque, Guachetá, Villapinzón (Cundinarmaca) and Samacá, Ráquira and Ventaquemada (Boyaca). The altitudinal range varies from 2.690m.a.s.l. up to 3.500m.a.s.l. The Guerrero complex is located in north side of the Cundinamarca province and includes the municipalities of Carmen de Carupa, Tausa, Zipaquirá, Subachoque, Cogua, Pacho, San Cayetano y Susa. The altitudinal range varies from 3.200m.a.s.l. up to 3.780m.a.s.l.

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [4.93, -74.23], Norte Leste [5.68, -73.28]

Cobertura Taxonômica

All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.

Reino  Plantae (Phanerogams),  Plantae (Bryophytes),  Fungi (Lichens)

Cobertura Temporal

Data Inicial / Data final 1976-01-01 / 1989-01-01

Dados Sobre o Projeto

Nenhuma descrição disponível

Título Data provided by six projects. 1. Field data from A. Cleef (PhD thesis on paramo vegetation in the eastern cordillera, 1981) and the ECOANDES project. 2. Andean Paramos Ecology by Sturm H., and O. Rangel 1985. 3. Estudio de la Bioflora de los Páramos de los alrededores de Bogota (R. Sanchez and O. Rangel, 1990). 4. Influence of potato cultivation in the paramo vegetation by W. Ferwerda, 1987 part of the ECOANDES project. 5. Limit vegetation ecology by M.L. Becking and J.j. Smeets, 1989 part of the ECOANDES project. 6. Description of paramo vegetation by R. Bekker and A. Cleef , 1985.
Financiamento A. Cleef field data funded by: Institute of Systematic Botany at Utrecht University. Hugo de Vries Laboratoty at Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics - IBED The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research-NWO, with the Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research-WOTRO Sturm H., and O. Rangel 1985, funded by: Universidad Nacional de Colombia Insituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN) from Universidad Nacional de Colombia Empresa de Acueducto y Alcantarillado de Bogota The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) Fondo Colombiano de Insvestigaciones Cientificas (COLCIENCIAS) Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) R. Sanchez and O. Rangel, 1990 funded by: Estudio de la Bioflora de los Páramos de los alrededores de Bogota project Instituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN), Universidad Nacional de Colombia. W. Ferwerda, 1987 (part ECOANDES project see at the end funding information) but also funded by The Melchior Treub Stichting, Amsterdam. M.L. Becking and J.j. Smeets, 1989 ( part of ECOANDES project see at the end funding information) R. Bekker and A. Cleef , 1985. Funded by Hugo de Vries Laboratoty at Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics - IBED ECOANDES project funded by: Insituto geografico "Agustin Codazzi" (Colombia), Insituto de Ciencias Naturales-ICN from Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) and Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research-WOTRO (Grant No. W84-188).
Descrição da Área de Estudo The area includes the complex of Rabanal and Guerrero, it is located in the eastern cordillera in the provinces of Boyaca and Cundinamarca. The Rabanal paramo is located in the biggest plateau of the country, called "Altiplano Cundiboyacense" in the municipalities of Lenguazaque, Guachetá, Villapinzón (Cundinarmaca) and Samacá, Ráquira and Ventaquemada (Boyaca). The altitudinal range varies from 2.690m.a.s.l. up to 3.500m.a.s.l. The Guerrero complex is located in north side of the Cundinamarca province and includes the municipalities of Carmen de Carupa, Tausa, Zipaquirá, Subachoque, Cogua, Pacho, San Cayetano y Susa. The altitudinal range varies from 3.200m.a.s.l. up to 3.780m.a.s.l. The altitudinal range of the vegetation data varies from 2450 m.a.s.l. up to 4350m. a.s.l. The area considers biomas like grassparamo, subparamo (also dry subparamo)and superparamo with vegetation types such as peat deposits and bunchgrass. Nowadays, both Rabanal and Guerrero paramo complexes are highly modified due to human intervention (land use change).
Descrição do Design The method used for paramo vegetation sampling was based on the Braun-Blanquet or Zürich-Montpellier schools which take the relevé as the main sampling unit. The releves were made of zonal and azonal paramo vegetation. The Braun-Blanquet method is based on dominant species that are grouped in associations and then at a higher level in alliances. This is the standard methodology used in Europe, South Africa, United States, Japan and in the world in general. One of the final goals of the methodology mainly in Europe is to get to nature conservation, which is also the goal in the Colombian paramos.

O pessoal envolvido no projeto:

Ponto de Contato
Antoine Cleef

Métodos de Amostragem

The vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. Different releves were done at different altitudes in the Paramo. The community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Área de Estudo The area includes the complex of Rabanal and Guerrero and also part of Villa de Leyva, it is located in the eastern cordillera in the provinces of Boyaca and Cundinamarca. The sampling sites included in Cundinamarca the paramo of Laguna Verde, San Cayetano-Cogua (hill sides of upper Guandoque river valley), Neusa (dam), Guarga and in Boyaca: Villa de Leyva (road between vereda Candelaria - via La Mina). The data was collected by different projects and dates between 1976 and 1989.
Controle de Qualidade The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. Also the gaps in terms of the precision of the georeference data were filled.

Descrição dos passos do método:

  1. Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). Many of the data was lacking a georeference, precision of the georeference data and specific habitat indication. In 2012 to improve the dataset quality, it was completed as detail and precise as possible using several online resources, consultation with experts and revision of the original data. The georeference data was completed mainly with the use of Google Maps, in collaboration with A. Cleef and checking the original field notes and the publications.

Citações bibliográficas

  1. Sturm H., O. Rangel. 1985. Ecologia de los Paramos Andinos: una visión preliminar integrada. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota. 292p. n/a
  2. Sanchez-M., R. and O. Rangel-Ch. 1990. Estudios ecologicos en la cordillera oriental colombiana V. Analisis fitosociológico de la vegetación de los depositos turbosos paramunos de los alrededores de Bogotá. Caldasia 16 (77): 155-192. n/a
  3. Ferwerda, W. 1987. The influence of potato cultivation on the natural bunchgrass paramo in the Colombian Cordillera Oriental. Internal Report no. 220. Hugo de Vries Laboratory. University of Amsterdam. n/a
  4. Becking, M.L. and J.J.H.R. Smeets. 1988. A compartive study of forest limit vegetation ecology in a relatively dry climate (NEUSA) and in a relatively wet climate (CHINGAZA) in the Cordillera Oriental, Colombia. ECOANDES report n/a
  5. Bekker, R. and A.M. Cleef. 1985. La vegetación del Paramo de la Laguna Verde (municipio de Tausa, Cundinamarca). Análisis geográficos No. 14. Instituto geografico Agustin Codazzi - IGAC. Bogota. 193p. n/a

Metadados Adicionais

Propósito Purpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
Identificadores alternativos 6fe8dde0-7ef1-41c0-ba0f-ecf41ac2d342
http://ipt.ibed.uva.nl/resource?r=paramo-veg-rgv