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University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo vegetation research, Central Andean Cordillera - Colombia

最新版本 由 University of Amsterdam / IBED 發佈於 Aug 14, 2017 University of Amsterdam / IBED

The Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology in the paramo. The Central Cordillera area include the National Natural Park Los Nevados, National Natural Park Purace and Nevado del Huila. This dataset is generated from 5 sources: 1. A study by Helmut Sturm and Orlando Rangel in 1985 about the ecology of Andean paramos, in the National Natural Park Los Nevados and in the Nevado del Huila (Huila volcano). 2. A study of monitoring and modelling of diverse and dynamic ecosystems in the paramos of los Nevados National Park by Bob Pels in 1990. 3. A Ph.D. study about the vegetation of the paramo and its dynamics in the volcanic massif Ruiz-Tolima, done by Sonia Salamanca in 1991, this project was part of a bigger project called ECOANDES which cover different aspects of the ecology of the central cordillera in Colombia. 4.A study on the phytosociology of plant communities of the National Natural Park Purace, done by Andres Duque in 1988. All studies provided information on the occurrence and location of 6947 plant species from the Paramo in this area collected in 332 releves. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Data Records

The data in this 出現紀錄 resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 6,947 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Occurrence (核心)
    6947
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    6947

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

下載

下載最新版本的Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A)資源,或資源元數據的EML或RTF文字檔。

DwC-A資料集 下載 6,947 紀錄 在 English 中 (177 KB) - Update frequency: 無計畫更新
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (18 KB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (18 KB)

版本

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Sturm H., O. Rangel. 1985. Ecologia de los Paramos Andinos: una visión preliminar integrada. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota. 292p.

Rights

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Amsterdam / IBED. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: c8db36cf-6b3e-403f-b609-dc0b6ef0cc05。  University of Amsterdam / IBED 發佈此資源,並經由Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Colombia Andean Paramos National Natural Park Los Nevados Natiioanl Natural Park Nevado del Huila National Natural Park Purace Páramo vegetation Altitude Altitudinal zonation Réleve method Braun-Blanquet method Conservation Diversity Zonal and azonal vegetation; Occurrence; Observation

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Antoine M. Cleef
Professor
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

元數據填寫者:

Paola Reyes
Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland NL

與此資源的相關者:

發布者
Henk de Vries
Node Manager
NLBIF P.O. Box 9517 NL-2300 AA Leiden Zuid-Holland NL +31.71.7519362
http://www.nlbif.nl

地理涵蓋範圍

Central Cordillera begins in the area called Macizo Colombiano between Cauca and Huila and ends up at the Serranía San Lucas (Bolivar). The extension is 1000km and it covers a surface of 110.000km2. Two main rivers are the limits of the mountain range, west by Cauca and east by Magdalena river. The highest point is located at Nevado del Huila which reaches 5750 meters above sea level. Is the most volcanic mountain range, the volcanos Galeras, Sotará, Puracé, Huila, Tolima, and Santa Isabel are found in central cordillera. The data was collected in the area of the National Natural Park Los Nevados which is part of four provinces covering the municipalities of Villamaría (Caldas province), Pereira, Santa Rosa de Cabal (Risaralda province), Salento (Quindio province), Anzoátegui, Casabianca, Villa Hermosa, Santa Isabel, Murillo, Herveo e Ibagué (Tolima province). Also the National Natural Park Nevado del Huila was studied and is located between the provinces of Cauca (municipalities Páez, Corinto and Toribio), Huila (municipalities of Teruel, Iquira and Santamaría) and in Tolima (municipalities of Planadas and Rioblanco) And finally the National Natural Park Purace located in the Cauca and Huila provinces. Includes the municipalities of San Sebastián, Santa Rosa, Puracé, Inzá, Sotará and Totoró in Cauca and the municipalities of La Argentina, La Plata, Isnos, Saladoblanco and San Agustín in Huila. The altitudinal range of the data goes from 2650m.a.s.l. up to 4650m.a.s.l.

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [1.6, -76.63], 緯度北界 經度東界 [5, -75.04]

分類群涵蓋範圍

All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.

Kingdom  Plantae (Phanerogams),  Plantae (Bryophytes),  Fungi (Lichens)

時間涵蓋範圍

起始日期 / 結束日期 1976-01-01 / 1986-01-01

計畫資料

無相關描述

計畫名稱 The data is originated from 4 sources, not from a single project. 1. Ecology of andean Paramos, H. Sturm and O. Rangel, 1985. 2. Monitoring and modelling of diverse and dynamic ecosystems in the paramos of los Nevados National Park, B. Pels, 1990 (part of ECOANDES). 3. Vegetation of the paramo and its dynamics in the volcanic massif Ruiz-Tolima, S. Salamanca, 1991 (part of ECOANDES project) 4. Phytosociology of plant communities of the National Natural Park Purace, A. Duque, 1988 (as part of the management plan of the park).
經費來源 Sturm H., and O. Rangel 1985, funded by: Universidad Nacional de Colombia Insituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN) from Universidad Nacional de Colombia Empresa de Acueducto y Alcantarillado de Bogota The German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) Fondo Colombiano de Insvestigaciones Cientificas (COLCIENCIAS) Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) B. Pels, 1990 funded by: Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) Insituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN) from Universidad Nacional de Colombia Instituto Colombiano de Desarrollo de los Recursos Naturales Renovables - INDERENA, Colombia (this institute was closed in 1993) Instituto de Investigaciones en Geociencias, Minería y Química - INGEOMINAS, Colombia (currently called Servicio Geológico Colombiano) Instituto Geografico Agustin Codazzi - IGAC, Colombia S. Salamanca, 1991 funded by Instituto Geografico Agustin Codazzi - IGAC, Colombia Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research - WOTRO, The Netherlands. A. Duque, 1988 funded by Fundación Universitarioa de Popayan, Colombia Instituto Colombiano de Desarrollo de los Recursos Naturales Renovables - INDERENA, Colombia (this institute was closed in 1993) ECOANDES project funded by: Insituto geografico "Agustin Codazzi" (Colombia), Insituto de Ciencias Naturales-ICN from Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Hugo de Vries Laboratory (IBED-University of Amsterdam) and Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research-WOTRO (Grant No. W84-188).
研究區域描述 The data was collected in the area of the National Natural Park Los Nevados (central cordillera) in an altitudinal range between 3800m and 4500m. The Ruiz-Tolima volcanic massif was studied including sites such as the Santa Rosa, Santa Isabel volcanoes, the Ruiz paramo and the Otun lake. The studied also included The National Natural Park Nevado del Huila located in the provinces of Huila , Tolima and Cauca and The National Natural Park Purace located in the Cauca and Huila provinces. The altitudinal range of the data goes from 2650m.a.s.l. up to 4650m.a.s.l. The vegetation studied included species from middle paramo, subparamo and superparamo ecosystems. With releves of zonal, extrazonal and azonal paramo vegetation. At the time of studies most of the paramo vegetation in the area was not known. Also the impact of volcanic eruptions on the floristic composition, structure and spatial distribution of the vegetation was studied.
研究設計描述 The method used for paramo vegetation sampling was based on the Braun-Blanquet or Zürich-Montpellier schools which take the relevé as the main sampling unit. The releves were made of zonal and azonal paramo vegetation. The Braun-Blanquet method is based on dominant species that are grouped in associations and then at a higher level in alliances. This is the standard methodology used in Europe, South Africa, United States, Japan and in the world in general. One of the final goals of the methodology mainly in Europe is to get to nature conservation, which is also the goal in the Colombian paramos.

The personnel involved in the project:

連絡人
Antoine Cleef

取樣方法

The vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. Different releves were done at different altitudes in the Paramo. The community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

研究範圍 The data was collected in the area of the National Natural Park Los Nevados (central cordillera) in an altitudinal range between 3800m and 4500m. The Ruiz-Tolima volcanic massif was studied including sites such as the Santa Rosa, Santa Isabel volcanoes, the Ruiz paramo and the Otun lake. In the National Natural Park Los Nevados, specifically at the Ruiz paramo the studied were done close by motel "El Refugio", "El Silencio" farm in Laguna Verde which is located between the volcanoes of Ruiz and Santa Isabel and also close to the road between Fresno - Manizales. Also the National Natural Park Nevado del Huila, the localities included the area closed to the road between Belalcazar - Cali about 2950m up to the site known as Irlanda. And finally the National Natural Park Purace located in the Cauca and Huila provinces. Includes the municipalities of San Sebastián, Santa Rosa, Puracé, Inzá, Sotará and Totoró in Cauca and the municipalities of La Argentina, La Plata, Isnos, Saladoblanco and San Agustín in Huila.
品質控管 The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data (including precision) and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. The georeference information still needs to be completed.

方法步驟描述:

  1. Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). A big part of the records are still lacking a georeference with its precision estimation. Also the specific habitat indication needs to be done.

引用文獻

  1. Pels, B. 1990. Monitoring and modellimg of diverse and dynamic ecosystems. The case of the paramos and andean forests of Los Nevados National Park, Colombia. University of Amsterdam. The Netherlands. n/a
  2. Salamanca, S. 1991. The vegetation of the paramo and its dynamics in the volcanic massif Ruiz/Tolima (Cordillera Central, Colombia). PhD report. Hugo de Vries Laboratory. University of Amsterdam. The Netherlands. 121p n/a
  3. Duque, A. 1988. Comunidades vegetales del Parque Nacional Natural Purace. Una aproximacion fitosociológica. Report Proyecto Plan de Manejor del Parque Purace. Convenio Fundacion Universitaria de Popayan - INDERENA. Popayan, Colombia. 61p. n/a
  4. Salamanca, S., A.m. Cleef and O. Rangel-Ch. 2003. The paramo vegetation of the volcanic Ruiz-Tolima massif. 1-77p. In: Studies on Tropical Andean Ecosystems: La Cordillera Central Colombiana, Transecto Parque de los Nevados, Vol.5. (van der Hammen, T. and A. G. dos Santos Eds). Berlin ISBN 3-443-65004-X

額外的元數據

目的 Purpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
替代的識別碼 c8db36cf-6b3e-403f-b609-dc0b6ef0cc05
http://ipt.ibed.uva.nl/resource?r=paramo-veg-cac